Surviving sharpened examples point to actual use as weapons, but their rarity, and the training necessary to use them, strongly suggest that they were only rarely used as such.
Also known as "tiger hook swords" or qian kun ri yue dao (literally "Heaven and Earth, Sun and Moon sword"), these weapons have a sharp blade similar to the jian, though possibly thicker or sometimes unsharpened, with a prong or hook (similar to a shepherd's crook) near the tip.
It was used as an anti-cavalry weapon, dating from Emperor Cheng of Han, made to slice through horse's legs.
Surviving examples include a sword that might resemble a nagamaki in construction; it had a wrapped handle 37 centimetres long making it easy to grip with two hands.
2, recorded in March 1997, is Lei Qiang's second album since he resettled in Montreal, Canada and his second opus for the label Oliver Sudden.
Just like the first volume, released two years earlier, Qiang is accompanied by the Shaanxi Provincial Song & Dance Troupe, conducted by Zhou Yu Guo.
Guards are substantial, in the style of butterfly swords.
Possible variations of these Chinese swords were the changdao, miao dao, and wodao.
August 26, 2017 - Duisburg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany - Artists work on the biggest sandcastle in the world at the landscape park or 'Landschaftspark.' The artists want to enter the Guinness World Records with the biggest sandcastle in the world.
The Guinness jury will evaluate the sculpture August 26, 2017 - Manchester, London, United Kingdom - Performer during the pride parade in Manchester Pride Festival, Day 1.
Chinese names are interesting in that there are virtually infinite given names and a relatively small set of family names.
However some names are still widely used around China.